The importance of health is fundamental to human development. Everyone, regardless of social class, always puts good health first in their priorities  and in turn, people who are in good health are fundamental support for societies. It is therefore not surprising that four of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are directly related to health .
MDGs have successfully focused global attention and resources on specific and urgent challenges in our world, including hunger, mother and child health, HIV / AIDS, and malaria. These problems have been placed high on the global agenda, calling on international agencies, states, non-organization, and civil society, private companies, and other actors to work together to achieve these goals. A consequence of this has been a halving of extreme poverty, and significant progress in the fight against malaria, tuberculosis, and much more. 2 billion people have gained access to clean water.
Importance of health
However, like many other global goals, there are challenges and weaknesses along with strengths and successes. Progress has been uneven, both within nations and between countries. Although child malnutrition and maternal and child mortality have fallen dramatically, there is still much work to be done. Public education and faster tests to diagnose HIV / AIDS have helped reduce the number of new cases, and more effective treatments have allowed people with HIV to live longer. However, access to treatments must become even more accessible; new cases must be prevented and stigma and discrimination related to these diseases reduced.
The MDGs encourage the Importance of health-specific interventions that offer benefits to sections of the population, pregnant women, and children under the age of five, rather than to other people. Some countries, however, have tried to improve their social indicators through investments in their health systems to help the whole population, resulting in decisive progress for the health of all people and all age groups. Other countries have focused their interventions in offering health services to pregnant women and children, and therefore have seen small improvements in the general health level of the entire population. A new agenda is needed to prioritize fairness of results and to focus on entire healthcare systems as well as specific cases.
Health is wealth
Furthermore, the global burden of disease has changed a lot in the past thirty years, increasing the need to focus on health systems. Non-communicable diseases such as stroke, cancer, and diabetes are responsible for a large increase in mortality and morbidity in both developing and developed countries . Indeed, rapid economic growth in many developing countries has left many difficult dichotomies as a legacy; in the poorest and most remote areas, there is still a lot of work to do on the MDGs agenda, while diabetes and cardiovascular disease are on the rise in many cities. Even in families, family dynamics cause some family members to suffer from energy shortages or micronutrients, while others from obesity. Looking ahead, we need a post-2015 agenda to help countries tackle all these problems.
Medical research has shown how health issues remained pending today play an important role in general health and well-being. Mental health is an example. There is a greater agreement that we need to work harder to reduce the stigma regarding mental illness and to offer mental health services to all people. Starting to consider air quality in both outdoor and indoor environments, the quality of water and other environmental factors determining health can be another example. Addressing these issues is crucial to safeguarding global health, and this must play a major role in the post-2015 agenda.
For this reason, we suggest a post-2015 development agenda that reaffirms the commitment to the MDGs and which expands them to cover new issues that deserve urgent global attention. The creation of the goal for sustainable development number 3 – ensuring health and well-being for all and for all ages – can easily accommodate this vast agenda. The current text, which includes numerous targets for infant and maternal mortality, can reinvigorate the action to complete the agenda of the MDGs. Targets that relate to non-communicable diseases, substance abuse, and health of living environments will help increase global awareness of the importance of these issues and increase their progress.
World Health Goals
Perhaps the most revolutionary aspect of this goal is the universal health coverage target (UHC). However, such an objective remains vulnerable to criticism by those who say it is too vague and therefore difficult to achieve and measure. Nonetheless, there is often a need for ambitious goals to inspire progress. If the Millennium Goals predicted targeted interventions for women and children under 5 years of age, universal health coverage promotes a healthier life for all, through investments in the health system. There is increasing evidence that investment in the public health system is the key to better health outcomes .
In short, universal health coverage struggles to ensure access to quality healthcare and services for all without the sword of Damocles in cost. Furthermore, it supports increasing equality in terms of results, since it allows even the poorest people access to medical care. It helps to promote a medical approach that takes into account all ages since it refers to all sections of the population. If properly developed, it will provide basic necessities to all, and promote medical, preventive, curative, palliative, and rehabilitation services. Finally, universal health coverage can be developed to be based on the social and environmental determinants of health, including human behavior (a healthy and balanced diet, exercise, air quality, tobacco consumption,
Universal health coverage
A focus on universal health coverage for the next 15 years can truly transform all countries, rich or poor. It is imperative that improvements in health are brought to everyone, not just certain groups. Causal analyzes of 153 countries reveal that “more extensive health coverage generally leads to better access to care and better general health, with the greatest benefits brought to the poorer classes” . The 2010 World Health Report demonstrates the catastrophic effects of healthcare costs, with over 150 million people suffering because they cannot afford the cost of effective service and another 100 million pushed below the poverty line precisely because of the large expenses. health care providers . Universal health coverage focuses on attention and efforts on removing these financial barriers and works towards guaranteed access for all, thus avoiding that they did not receive treatment because they cannot be afforded.
Of course, setting goals can’t go beyond a sketch. The real test will be how the goals will be implemented, and how their progress will be monitored and evaluated. Since the overall objective is to ensure health and well-being for all and for all ages, governments, international organizations, and other actors must be pragmatic in implementing these policies and in evaluating progress. An agreement on global objectives and goals, as well as on political decisions, will be both a political and a technical process. The tension between the political part and the more specific technical part must be managed in order to guarantee the feasibility of the objectives and the subsequent evaluation.
Importance of health – Health is wealth
The debate on the indicators to be used and the funding of the objectives is still ongoing. The Network for Sustainable Development Solutions ( SDSN)) proposed a broad framework for post-2015 indicators. These must be clear and precise, selected with the widest possible consensus among the stakeholders, and based on existing data sources. The indicators should measure the results as broadly as possible, and thus be spread over a myriad of socio-economic variables (age, gender, rural or urban geographical origin, …) to ensure fair progress. Moreover, governments should promote a “data revolution” and go as far as possible towards an annual report of publicly available data. New technologies, such as cell phones, make data collection, and subsequent analysis incredibly faster; the post-2015 Agenda should take advantage of this.
We have a great opportunity for the Importance of health to set a fair and ambitious development agenda for the next 15 years. Global political processes are doing their part to deliver meaningful work, which could be revolutionary for world health. As we approach September, stakeholders must hold governments accountable for keeping their promises towards a substantial agreement and start working together to implement the Goals.